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What happened on this day in archaeology? When were the world famous finds made? When was that important figure in archaeology born?

The answers are here (in chronological order) .................

JANUARY

1 Jan 1790
Born
George Petrie

Irish scholar often called “the father of Irish archaeology” owning to his writings on early Irish archaeology and architecture, especially his 1845 book titled The Ecclesiastical Architecture of Ireland

1 Jan 1861
Born
Marcellin Boule French palaeontologist who studied and published the first analysis of a near complete Neanderthal specimen, discovered at La Chapelle-aux-Saints in 1908 & was one of the first to argue that eoliths were not manmade
4 Jan 1950
Born 
Jacqui Wood       Independent researcher, experimental archaeologist and author of prehistory cooking books. Director of research centre and field school - Saveock Water Archaeology
5 Jan 1816
Born
Daniel Wilson Scottish-born Canadian archaeologist, ethnologist and author, who in 1851 published The Archaeology and Prehistoric Annals of Scotlandwhich introduced the word prehistoric into the English vocabulary (probably translated from the Danish word "forhistorie")
5 Jan 1906
Born
Kathleen Mary Kenyon English archaeologist who while serving as director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem from 1951 to 1966, excavated Jericho to its Stone Age foundation and showed it to be the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement.
6 Jan 1822
Born
Heinrich Schliemann
German businessman and a pioneer of field archaeology who excavated Hissarlik (presumed to be the site of Troy), along with the Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiryns
10 Jan 1923
Born
John Talbot Robinson He was a distinguished South African hominid paleontologist. His most famous discovery (with Robert Broom) was the nearly complete Human evolution fossil skull of an Australopithecus africanus, known as Mrs. Ples.
12 Jan 1812
Born
William Penegelly British geologist and early archaeologist who was one of the first to contribute proof that the Biblical chronology of the earth calculated by Archbishop James Ussher was incorrect. During 15 years excavation at Kent's Cave (Devon) he removed and classified 80,000 artefacts
13 Jan 1945
Born
Francis Manning Marlborough Pryor English archaeologist specialising in the study of the Bronze and Iron Ages in Britain. Pryor is noted his appearances on the Channel 4 television series Time Team and for the discovery and excavation of the Bronze Age site Flag Fen (Peterborough).
14 Jan 1506
Find
Statue of Laocoön and His Sons  The statue of Laocoön and His Sons is discovered in Felice De Fredis's vineyard near the site of the Domus Aurea of the Roman emperor Nero and the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome
15 Jan 1759
Event
British museum first opened to the public The origins of the British Museum lie in the will of the physician, naturalist and collector, Sir Hans Sloane (1660–1753).  When opened, iIt was housed in a seventeenth-century mansion called Montagu House, in Bloomsbury on the site of today's building. Entry was free and given to ‘all studious and curious Persons’
16 Jan 1994
TV
Time team - first broadcast Titled "The Guerrilla Base of the King", the first episode was from a field in Athelney, Somerset and with just three days they hoped it could hold the key to one of the most crucial phases in English history - Alfred The Great's defeat of the Danes.
18 Jan 1823
Find
Red Lady of Paviland The Red Lady of Paviland (nearly complete Upper Palaeolithic human male skeleton) found by Rev. William Buckland was the first human fossil to have been found anywhere in the world. The bones were discovered between 18th and 25th January during an archaeological dig at Goat's Hole Cave - Buckland thought the remains were female dating to Roman Britain
22 Jan 1793
Born
Caspar Jacob Christiaan Reuven Dutch historian and archaeologist who was the founding director of the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Dutch National Museum of Antiquities) in Leiden. In 1818 he was appointed the world's first ever professor of archaeology (at Leiden University)
22 Jan 1888
Born
Basil John Wait Brown Farmer and amateur archaeologist who most famously discovered the buried ship at Sutton Hoo and excavated its sandy outline on the eve of war in 1939.
23 Jan 1814
Born
Alexander Cunningham British army officer and archaeologist who excavated many sites in India, including Sārnāth and Sānchi. Cunningham served as the first director of the Indian Archaeological Survey in 1861 - he devoted himself to Indian numismatics and wrote two books on the subject. He was knighted in 1887.
23 Jan 1921
Born
Marija Gimbutas  Lithuanian-American archeologist known for her research into the Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures of "Old Europe" 
25 Jan 1950
Born
Phil Harding British field archeologist whe beaome a familiar face (and hat) on the Channel 4 television series;Time Team. He was voted 'Archaeologist of the Year' in March 2013 by readers of Current Archaeology Magazine
28 Jan 1858
Born
Marie Eugène François Thomas Dubois Dutch paleoanthropologist and geologist, noted for his discovery of Pithecanthropus erectus (later renamed to  Homo erectus) or "Java Man"

FEBRUARY

1 Feb 1635
Born
Marquard Gude (Gudius) German archaeologist and classical scholar, most famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions
1 Feb 1888
Born
Gertrude Caton Thompson Worked as an archaeologist in Egypt at the sites of Abydos and Oxyrhynchus. While studying at the British School of Archaeology in Egypt from 1921 to 1926, She was a research fellow at Newnham College, Cambridge and a great influence on Mary Leakey.
3 Feb 1912
Born
John Bryan Ward-Perkins  British Classical architectural historian and archaeologist, and director of the British School at Rome. From 1936 to 1939 he was an assistant to esteemed archaeologist Sir R.E. Mortimer Wheeler at the London Museum
3 Feb 1925
Event
Taung Child first reported in print Described as the "Missing Link - Ape-Man Period - Fossil Skull Found" the Taung Child (identifed by Raymond Dart) was first reported in print in Cape Town
4 Feb 1893
Born
Raymond Dart Australian anatomist and anthropologist, best known for his involvement in the 1924 discovery of the first fossil ever found of Australopithecus africanus, at Taung in the North of South Africa in the province Northwest.
6 Feb 1913
Born
Mary Leakey  British paleoanthropologist who discovered the first fossilized Proconsul africanu skull  in 1948, an extinct ape now believed to be ancestral to humans. She also discovered the robust Zinjanthropus skull at Olduvai Gorge. 
11 Feb 1800
Born
William Henry Fox Talbot  British inventor and photography pioneer who devoted much time to archaeology, spending 20 years in the study of the history, archaeology and culture of Mesopotamia
12 Feb 1982
Film
Quest For Fire - released Film set 80,000 years ago, surrounding the struggle for control of fire by early humans - an adaption of the 1911 Belgian novel La Guerre du feu by J.-H. Rosny (1856–1940)
12 Feb 2009
Event
Sequence of the Neanderthal genome  The completed draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome was presented publicly on the date commemorating Darwin’s birthday
18 Feb 1936
Born
Jean Marie Auel American writer known for her Earth's Children books: a series of novels set in prehistoric Europe that explores interactions of Cro-Magnon people with Neanderthals, including Clan of the Cave Bear .
20 Feb 1911
Born
Peter Vilhelm Glob  Danish archaeologist and Director of the National Museum in Copenhagen, noted for his investigations of Denmark's bog bodies such as Tollund Man and Grauballe Man - mummified remains of Iron and Bronze Age people found preserved within peat bogs
22 Feb 1925
Born
Angela Croome Science writer and author specialising in the history of hovercraft and underwater archaeology
24 Feb 1807
Born
Thomas Holden Bowker Along with his brother, collected some of the first stone artefacts from the Great Fish River area in the Eastern Cape (South Africa) - many of which were donated to the Royal Artillery Museum (London)
24 Feb 1872
Born
Caroline Ransom Williams An American Egyptologist and Classical archaeologist and one of the first women ever in the field of Egyptology
25 Feb 1866
Find
Calaveras Skull  When miners found a human skull in a mine, it came to Josiah Whitney who declared it evidence of the existence of Pliocene age man in North America. In 1992 Radiocarbon daing gave the skull an age of about 1000 years.
26 Feb 1941
Born
Rhys Maengwyn Jones  He was a key figure in dating the arrival of Indigenous Australians, first with radiocarbon dating and later with luminescence techniques and in the study of the archaeology of Indigenous Australians
26 Feb 1974
Find 
Mungo Man Jim Bowler found 40,000 year old human remains buried in a dry lake bed in south-western New South Wales. In 1968 Jim also discovered 40,000 year old burnt bones nearby, named Mungo Lady. These are the oldest human remains found in Australia.
27 Feb 1799
Born
Frederick Catherwood English artist and architect, noted for his meticulously detailed drawings of the ruins of the Maya civilisation during his exploration of Mesoamerica in the mid 19th century with writer John Lloyd Stephens
27 Feb 1940
Event
Carbon-14 / 14C / radiocarbon Carbon-14 was discovered by Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben at the University of California Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, although its existence had been suggested by Franz Kurie in 1934
27 Feb 2011
TV
Mudmen - first broadcast The series follows members of the Mudlarks Society as they hunt for items on the River Thames foreshore. Presented by Johnny Vaughan and Steve Brooker, chairman of the Mudlarks Society
28 Feb 1877
Born
Henri Édouard Prosper Breuil  Often referred to as Abbé Breuil, he was a French Catholic priest, archaeologist, anthropologist and geologist. He is noted for his studies of cave art in the Somme and Dordogne valleys

MARCH

  • 1944: Council for British Archaeology founded and initiated local excavation committees in a number of war-damaged towns, began to seek information about reconstruction projects and set its Regional Groups the task of watching sites of all kinds
  • 1967: Current Archaeology magazine first issued free of charge to university academics and archaeologists (with invitations to become subscribers from Issue 2)

 

2 Mar 1790
Born
Philippe-Charles or Philip Carel Schmerling  In 1829 the Dutch/Belgian prehistorian discovered the first Neanderthal fossil in a cave in Engis that was the partial cranium of a small child thought to be between 30,000-70,000 years old; although it was not recognized as such until 1936
2 Mar 1967
Born
Neil Oliver  Scottish TV presenter, archaeologist and author, who began his TV career with Two Men in a Trench, which featured close friend Tony Pollard. They visited historic British battlefields and recreating the battle situation using state of the art archaeological techniques.
4 Mar 1901
Born
Francis Adrian Joseph Turville-Petre Famous for the discovery of the Homo heidelbergensis fossil "Galilee Man" at Mugharet el-Zuttiyeh ("Cave of the Robbers") in 1925 and for his work at Mount Carmel
7 Mar 1795
Born
Johann Georg Ramsauer An Austrian mine operator and the director of the excavations at the Iron Age Hallstatt cemetery from 1846–1863, excavating 1,045 burials. 
8 Mar 1787
Born
Sven Nilsson  Swedish zoologist and director of Sweden's natural history museum, he worked as a field archaeologist and introduced ethnographic perspectives in archaeology (he was possibly the first person to use flintknapping to help explain prehistory)
8 March 1944
Event
Inaugural meeting of Council for British Archaeology The first meeting of the Council for British Archaeology (educational charity working throughout the UK) took place in the rooms of the Society of Antiquaries, with Sir Alfred Clapham as president
12 Mar 1626
Born
John Aubrey A pioneer archaeologist, who recorded (often for the first time) numerous megalithic and other field monuments in southern England. He is noted as the discoverer of the Avebury henge monument.
12 Mar 1812
Born
Joseph Prestwich British geologist and businessman, known as an expert on the Tertiary Period and for having confirmed the findings of Boucher de Perthes of ancient flint tools in the Somme valley gravel beds
14 Mar 1927 
Find 
Woman's jaw fragment at Kent's Cave  A team of workmen digging a pit near the cave entrance in a location called the Vestibule, found an upper jaw fragment (maxilla) with three teeth that later turned out to be between 44,200 and 41,500 years old 
15 Mar 44 BC
Event
Ides of March The Ides of March (Latin: Idus Martii or Idus Martiae) is a day on the Roman calendar that became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar
15 Mar 1838
Born
Alice Cunningham Fletcher American ethnologist, anthropologist, and social scientist who studied and documented American Indian culture. She helped write and pass the Dawes Act of 1887, that imposed a system of private land ownership on Indigenous tribes
15 Mar 1936
Find
Swanscombe Skull (part 2) None months after his initial discovery, Dentist Alvan T Marston was back searching the quarried faces in Barnfield Pit, when he came across the left parietal from the same 400,000 year old female skull
16 Mar 1900
Event
Arthur Evans purchases Knossos  Sir Arthur Evans purchases Knossos and with the help of Dr. Duncan Mackenzie excavation begin shortly afterwards and continued for 35 years
19 Mar 1876
Born
John Hubert Marshall Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India and was responsible for the excavation that led to the discovery of Harappa and Mohenjodaro (two main cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation)
20 Mar 1845
Born
Lucy Myers Wright Mitchel American writer, historian and expert on ancient art; she was one of the first Americans to write and publish a book on classical sculpture and one of the first women to study the field of classical archaeology
23 Mar 1820
Born
William Greenwell Noted for his work at  Grimes Graves, the excavation of 53 barrows at Danes Grave and with his treatises on electrum coinage of Cyzicus. One of his students was Augustus Pitt Rivers.
23 Mar 1835
Born
Worthington George Smith English illustrator, archaeologist, plant pathologist and mycologist, who discovered four Lower Palaeolithic sites in Britain, including those at Stoke Newington Common and Caddington ( Bedfordshire)
24 Mar 2013
TV
Time Team - last broadcast Round up shown of last 19 years of 3-days Time Team archaeology
27 Mar 1866
Born
Wilhelm Kattwinkel  While searching for rare East African butterflies, German entomologist discovered the fossil deposit in the Olduvai Gorge in 1911
29 Mar 1974
Find
Terracotta Army The Terracotta Army was discovered  to the east of Xi'an in Shaanxi province by a group of farmers when they were digging a water well

APRIL

1 Apr 2003
TV
Walking with Caveman - first broadcast Four-part TV documentary series about human evolution produced by the BBC  made in the style of a wildlife documentaryand featuring a voice-over narrator Robert Winston
3 Apr 2012
TV
Pub Dig - first broadcast (Chatham) Rory McGrath and Paul Blinkhorn go to the Command House pub in Chatham, Kent, digging through 400 years of naval history in search of Henry VIII’s lost Tudor docks and relics from the time of Nelson and the British Empire.
4 Apr 1918
Born
Alexander Marshack In his publication of The Roots of Civilization (1972) he proposed the controversial theory that notches and lines carved on certain Upper Paleolithic bone plaques were in fact notation systems, specifically lunar calendars notating the passage of time
8 Apr 1820
Find
Venus de Milo The Aphrodite of Milos (Venus de Milo)  was discovered by a peasant named Yorgos Kentrotas, inside a buried niche within the ancient city ruins of Milos (current village of Tripiti) on the island of Milos
11 Apr 1863
Born
Henry Balfour British archaeologist and first curator of the Pitt Rivers Museum, a position he held for over 40 years.
13 Apr 1743
Born
Thomas Jefferson An American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the third President of the United States. As an amateur archaeologist, Jefferson set the precedent for the aims and methods of modern archaeological science
14 Apr 1827
Born
Augustus Henry Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers  English army officer, ethnologist and archaeologist, he was noted for his innovations in archaeological methods and in the museum display of archaeological and ethnological collections. His earliest collections formed the founding collection of the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford
14 Apr 1892
Born
Vere Gordon Childe Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialised in the study of European prehistory and noted for the excavations at Skara Brae
15 Apr 1801
Born
Édouard Lartet French paleontologist who discovered the first five skeletons in March 1868 in the Cro-Magnon rock shelter at Les Eyzies
17 Apr 1880
Born
Charles Leonard Woolley  British archaeologist best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia. He is considered to have been one of the first "modern" archaeologists and was knighted in 1935 for his contributions to the discipline of archaeology
20 Apr 1955
Born
Svante Pääbo  Swedish biologist specializing in evolutionary genetics. One of the founders of paleogenetics, he has worked extensively on the Neanderthal genome.
23 Apr 1914
Born
Glyn Edmund Daniel Welsh scientist and archaeologist who taught at Cambridge University where he specialised in the European Neolithic period. He was appointed Disney Professor of Archaeology in 1974
24 Apr 1901
Born
Charles William Phillips British archaeologist best known for leading the excavation of the Sutton Hoo burial ship, plus a collection of Anglo-Saxon grave-goods
24 Apr 1925
Born
Leslie Alcock Professor of Archaeology at the University of Glasgow and one of the leading archaeologists of Early Mediaeval Britain. His major excavations included Dinas Powys hill fort in Wales, Cadbury Castle in Somerset and a series of major hillforts in Scotland.
25 Apr 1859
Born
Giacomo Boni Italian archaeologist specialising in Roman architecture. His excavations led to many important discoveries, including the Iron Age necropolis near the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina
26 Apr 1952
Find
Grauballe Man Grauballe Man was uncovered from a peat bog near to the village of Grauballe in Jutland, Denmark. The body is that of an adult male dating from the late 3rd century BC (early Germanic Iron Age).
28 Apr 1947
Event
Kon Tiki expedition Norwegian explorer and writer Thor Heyerdahl and 5 other crew members sailed a raft across the Pacific Ocean from South America to the Polynesian islands to prove it could be done.
29 Apr 1835
Find
Golden Hat of Schifferstadt Oldest of four elaborately decorated gold Bronze Age cone hats found at sites in Switzerland, Germany and France - this was found during agricultural work in a field named Reuschlache, north of Schifferstadt (Germany)
30 Apr 1834
Born
John Lubbock A banker, politician, philanthropist, scientist and polymath who in 1865 published "Pre-historic times, as illustrated by ancient remains, and the manners and customs of modern savages". in which he invented the terms Palaeolithic and Neolithic

MAY

2 May 1551
Born
William Camden He wrote the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, listing every known archaeological monument in Britannia published in 1586
2 May 1904
Born
Emil Haury An influential archaeologist who specialised in the archaeology of the American Southwest. He is most famous for his work at Snaketown, a Hohokam site in Arizona.
3 May 2002
Find
Amesbury Archer A Bronze Age burial containing a 35-45 year old male with grave goods including sixteen arrowheads was found by construction workers in Amesbury were excavating an area on Boscombe Down
4 May 1980
Book
The Clan of the Cave Bear - publication date The first book in the series Earth's Children which speculates on the possibilities of interactions between Neanderthal and modern humans by Jean Auel
5 May 1892
Born
Dorothy Annie Elizabeth Garrod  British archaeologist who was the first woman to hold an Oxbridge chair, partly through her pioneering work on the Palaeolithic period
5 May 1971
Find
Rediscovery of the Mary Rose One of the largest ships in the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII, the Mary Rose sank on 19th July 1545. She was salvaged by the Mary Rose Trust in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology
6 May 1880
Born
Winifred Brunton She became best known for her portraits of Egyptian pharaohs, published as Kings and Queens of Ancient Egypt (1926) and Great Ones of Ancient Egypt (1929).
6 May 1950
Find
Tollund man Tollund Man was uncovered from a peat bog on the Jutland Peninsula in Denmark. The body is that of a man who lived during the 4th century BC, during the period characterised in Scandinavia as the Pre-Roman Iron Age
7 May 1806
Born
Samuel Foster Haven American archaeologist and anthropologist who was particularly interested the Society's documents related to Native Americans
7 May 1919
Born
Yohanan Aharoni Israeli archaeologist and historical geographer, he was the chairman of the Department of Near East Studies and chairman of the Institute of Archeology at Tel-Aviv University
8 May 1946
Born
Andrew Sherratt English archaeologist best known for the idea of the Secondary Products Revolution and published  'Plough and pastoralism: aspects of the secondary products revolution' in 1981
9 May 1874
Born
Howard Carter English archaeologist and Egyptologist known for discovering the tomb of 14th-century BC pharaoh Tutankhamun in 1922
10 May 1902
Born
Ian Archibald Richmond Professor of the Archaeology of the Roman Empire at the University of Oxford and excavated at Hod Hill, Inchtuthill , Segontium, Chester, South Shields, Lancaster, Bath, Silchester and the Chedworth Roman villa
12 May 1897
Find
Yde Girl Yde Girl was found in the Stijfveen peat bog near the village of Yde, Netherlands. She died between 54 BCE and 128 CE at an approximate age of 16 years
12 May 1951
Find
Gunnister Man Remains of a 17th or early 18th century man found by two Shetlanders in a peat bog  in Gunnister, Shetland
12 May 1960
Find
Cache of 2,000-year old letters Archaeologist Yigael Yadin discovered a cache of 2,000-year-old letters in a cave overlooking the Nahal Hever canyon, west of the Dead Sea that were signed by the legendary Jewish warrior Shimon Bar Kochba, leader of a devastating second-century revolt against Rome
13 May 1929
Find
Stoneyisland Man Bog body discovered found by turf-cutters James Dolphin, Thomas Rodgers and John Spain in the Stoneyisland Bog, Gortanumera, County Galway, Ireland. The remains were dated between 3320–3220 BC 
13 May 1983
Find
Lindow Woman (also known as Lindow I) Remains of a bog body, discovered in a peat bog at Lindow Moss, Wilmslow, by commercial peat-cutters. The remains were a skull fragment, with soft tissue and hair attached
15 May 1879
Find
Huldremose Woman Iron Age bog body found by Niels Hanson, in a peat bog near Ramten, Jutland, Denmark. She wore a plaid cape, a scarf and skirt, made of wool; a comb and headband were also found
17 May 1879
Event
Archaeological Institute of America founded Harvard University professor Charles Eliot Norton invited his colleagues to help form a society "for furthering and directing archaeological and artistic investigation and research."
17 May 1902
Find
Antikythera mechanism identified Former Minister of Education Spyridon Stais concluded that a corroded piece of bronze had inscriptions and a gear wheel embedded in it. The object (originally thought to be a mechanised clock or an astrolabe) became known as the Antikythera mechanism or astrolabe.
19 May 1973
Born
Alice May Roberts An anatomist, osteoarchaeologist, anthropologist, paleopathologist, television presenter and author. She is professor of public engagement in science at the University of Birmingham.
20 May 1961
Born
Mark Brian Roberts  English archaeologist specialising in the study of the Palaeolithic. He is best known for his discovery and subsequent excavations at the Lower Palaeolithic site of Boxgrove Quarry in southern England
26 May 1948
Find
Osterby Man Late Iron Age bog body discovered in 1948 by Otto and Max Müller, peat cutters to the southeast of Osterby, Germany - only the skull and hair (tied in a Suebian knot) survive
27 May 1883
Born
Alfred Clapham

President of the Royal Archaeological Institute and Society of Antiquaries, Chairman of the London University Institute of Archaeology, and founder of the Council for British Archaeology.

27 May 2004
Book
Wolf Brothers - publication date Released in the UK, Wolf Brother is the first book in the series Chronicles of Ancient Darkness by Michelle Paver
28 May 1891
Find
Gundestrup cauldron Discovered by peat cutters in a small peat bog called Rævemose, it is a richly decorated silver vessel, thought to date between 200 BC and 300 AD, placing it within the late La Tène period or early Roman Iron Age
28 May 1910
Born
Stuart Ernest Piggott Best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex, he produced a thorough analysis of the Beaker culture in Britain and published The Druids in 1968 
28 May 1947
Born
Zahi Hawass Egyptian archaeologist and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs
30 May 1863
Find
First Palaeolithic Hand-Axe found in India Geologist Robert Bruce Foote picked up the stone tool on the Parade Ground at Pallavaram cantonment, near Chennai, showing that the Palaeolithic population in India could be dated to 1.5 million years before the present
31 May 1913
Born
Graham Alexander Webster  British archaeologist, one of the preeminent figures of Roman-British archaeology in the late 20th Century

JUNE

3 Jun 1853
Born
William Matthew Flinders Petrie English Egyptologist and a pioneer of systematic methodology in archaeology and preservation of artefacts. His most famous discovery was the Merneptah Stele
4 Jun 1937
Born
Martin Biddle British archaeologist noted for his work in the development of medieval and post-medieval archaeology
5 Jun 1914
Born
Beatrice E. de Cardi Specialised in the archaeology of the Persian Gulf and the Baluchistan region of Pakistan. She was president of the British Foundation for the Study of Arabia and was formerly Secretary of the Council for British Archaeology from 1949 to 1973
7 Jun 1831
Born
Amelia Ann Blanford Edwards  After publishing a book in 1877 under the title of A Thousand Miles up the Nile, Edwards became a tireless public advocate for the research and preservation of the ancient monuments. In 1882 she co-founded the Egypt Exploration Fund (now the Egypt Exploration Society)
8 Jun 1912
Born
Don Crabtree Known as the “Dean of American flintknappers” he was mostly a self-educated  flintknapper and pioneering experimental archaeologist
11 Jun 1910
Born
Jacques-Yves Cousteau  French naval officer and explorer who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-Lung, pioneered marine conservation and completed systematic archaeological excavations of many shipwrecks  
12 Jun 1981
Film
Raiders of the Lost Ark - released First Indiana Jones movie became the year's top-grossing film and remains one of the highest-grossing films ever made. Starring Harrison Ford, directed by Steven Spielberg and produced by George Lucas
13 Jun 1780
Born
Thomas Young Young made notable scientific contributions to the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, language and Egyptology - deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs (specifically the Rosetta Stone) before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work
13 Jun 1818
Event
First Professor of Archaeology King William I signed a royal decree making Caspar Reuvens the world's first archaeology professor at Leiden University
15 Jun 1825
Born 
John Robert Mortimer  English Corn-merchant and archaeologist who excavated over 360 barrows in that area, including Duggleby Howe, from Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. His work was published in 1905 in Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burials Mounds of East Yorkshire
15 Jun 2001
Film
Lara Croft: Tomb Raider - released Based on the popular Tomb Raider video game series, the film featured Angelina Jolie as Lara Croft, who attemptes to retrieve two halves of the mystic Triangle of Light
18 Jun 1966
TV
Chronicle - first broadcast BBC TV series Chronicle focused on popular archaeology and related subjects for 25 years, presented by Magnus Magnusson and then David Drew
19 Jun 1961
Find
Pilate Stone reported on A damaged block of carved limestone with a partially intact inscription attributed to Pontius Pilate and found by Dr. Antonio Frova (significant because it is the only accepted archaeological find mentioning his name) was shown to the world's press  
22 Jun 1936
Find
Bocksten Man  Remains of a medieval male body found in a bog in Varberg Municipality, Sweden
22 Jun 2009
Event
Ancientcraft founded The start of it all ............
24 Jun 1996
Find
Glauberg Warrior Statue Life-sized sandstone statue or stele, dating from the 5th century BC of the  La Tène Celtic Prince of Glauberg found in Hesse, Germany
27 Jun 1885
Born
Jean Pierre Marie Montet Between 1929 and 1939, he excavated at Tanis (Egypt) finding the royal necropolis of the 21st  and 22nd Dynasties, with finds almost equalled that of Tutankhamun's tomb; Montet believed these excavations had uncovered Pi-Ramesses
28 Jun 1943
Born
Donald Carl Johanson  American paleoanthropologist known for discovering the fossil of a female hominid australopithecine known as "Lucy" in the Afar Triangle region of Hadar, Ethiopia
29 Jun 1935
Find
Swanscombe Skull (part 1) Dentist Alvan T Marston was searching the quarried faces in Barnfield Pit for flint tools, when he came across a 400,000 year old female occipital bone (ie. from the base of the skull at the back).
30 Jun 1853
Born
Adolf Furtwängler German archaeologist, teacher, art historian and museum director. He contributed to the developing technique of identifying archaeological strata and giving them relative dates, through the painting styles represented on pottery sherds, which previously had been discarded as spoil

JULY

1 Jul 1946
Born
Mick Aston English archaeologist and academic who has taught at a number of universities across the UK. He helped popularise the discipline amongst the British public by appearing as the resident academic on the Channel 4 television series Time Team 
2 Jul 1903
Born
Walter Bryan Emery British Egyptologist whose entire life was devoted to the excavation of archaeological sites along the Nile Valley. Emery obtained the Chair of Egyptology at University College London in 1951 and was a professor of Egyptology in London from 1951 to 1970
4 Jul 1900
Born
Alfred Rust  A pioneer in the study of the Hamburg Culture (late Palaeolithic culture in northern Europe)
4 Jul 1927
Born
Donald Ward Lathrap  American archaeologist who specialised in the study of neolithic American culture
8 Jul 1851
Born 
Arthur John Evans English archaeologist who discovered the palace of Knossos on the island of Crete. He furthered the understanding of the Minoan civilization by studying the artefacts and structures found throughout the eastern Mediterranean. Evans was the first person to recognise the Cretan scripts, known as Linear A and Linear B.
8 Jul 2008
TV
Bonekickers - first broadcast Bonekickers was a BBC drama about a team of archaeologists, set at the fictional Wessex University that ran for 1 series
8 Jul 2009
TV
Time Team America - first broadcast

Spin-off from popular UK series, whose team of freelance and university-affiliated experts mostly join existing excavations. The first episode featured Fort Raleigh, on Roanoke Island (North Carolina)

11 Jul 1864
Born
Charles Dawson British amateur archaeologist who was credited with and now blamed for discoveries that turned out to be imaginative frauds, including the Piltdown Man (Eoanthropus dawsoni)
13 Jul 1863
Born
Margaret Alice Murray  Prominent British Egyptologist and anthropologist, she was one of the first women to practice archaeology and the first woman to publicly unwrap a mummy
13 Jul 1925
Find
Venus of Dolni Vestonice The figurine was discovered by a team lead by Professor Karel Absolon and is part of the oldest known fired clay sculptures in the world
14 Jul 1868
Born
Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell English writer, archaeologist and spy who explored, mapped, and became highly influential to British imperial policy-making. Along with T. E. Lawrence, Bell helped establish the Hashemite dynasties
15 Jul 1799
Find
Rosetta Stone While French soldiers were strengthening the defences of Fort Julien, north-east of the Egyptian port city of Rosetta (Modern day Rashid), Lieutenant Pierre-François Bouchard spotted a slab with inscriptions on one side that the soldiers had uncovered
17 Jul 1959
Find
Olduvai Hominid # 5 ("Nutcracker Man") British archaeologist Mary Leakey discovered the first specimen of Paranthropus boisei at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania
20 Jul 2006
Event
Neanderthal genome project launched The "Neanderthal genome project" was a collaboration of two research teams to sequence the Neanderthal genome within two years
21 Jul 1939
Find
Sutton Hoo The first gold artefact was uncovered at Sutton Hoo lead by Charles Phillips of Cambridge University
22 Jul 2005
TV
Coast - first broadcast BBC documentary following stories associated with the British coastline, including marine archaeology presented by Neil Oliver, Alice Roberts and Mark Horton
23 Jul 1954
TV
Buried Treasure - first broadcast BBC TV series presented by Glyn Daniel - the first episode focused on Stonehenge, in which Daniel conducted a studio discussion with two other archaeologists
24 Jul 1911
Find
Machu Picchu Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention by the American historian Hiram Bingham III, who was led to the site by Melchor Arteaga
25 Jul 1937
Born
Andrew Colin Renfrew British archaeologist and highly regarded academic, noted for his work on radiocarbon dating, the prehistory of languages, archaeogenetic, and the prevention of looting at archaeological sites. 
28 Jul 1996
Find
Kennewick Man Skeletal remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River in Kennewick, Washington
28 Jul 1907
Born
Grahame Douglas Clark British archaeologist most notable for his work on the Mesolithic and his theories on palaeoeconomy
29 Jul 1929
Born
Douglas Schwartz Archaeologist whose work as president of the School for Advanced Research helped make it one of the premier research centers on archaeology, anthropology and Native American culture
30 Jul 1955
Find
Swanscombe Skull (part 3) The right parietal from the same 400,000 year old female skull was found  during investigations by John Wymer at a spot more than 80 feet from Alvan T Marston's discoveries
31 Jul 1391
Born
Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli or Cyriacus of Ancona Italian humanist and antiquarian who came from a prominent family of merchants in Ancona. He was probably the first person to recognise the importance of archaeology and he recorded many ancient ruins, such as Eretria.

AUGUST

  • 1972: Young Archaeologists’ Club was started by Dr Kate Pretty; called Young Rescue  it was the junior branch of RESCUE, the British Archaeological Trust

 

1 Aug 1984
Find
Lindow Man The remains of a man discovered in a peat bog at Lindow Moss near Wilmslow in Cheshire, North West England
3 Aug 1908
Find
First recognised Neanderthal burial The first near complete skeleton of a Neanderthal was found at La Chapelle aux Saints, in southern France, by Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie and L. Bardon
6 Aug 1840
Born
Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier Noted for Archaeological and ethnological work among the Native Americans of the southwestern United States, Mexico and South America
7 Aug 1903
Born
Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey British archaeologist and naturalist whose work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in Africa, particularly through his discoveries in the Olduvai Gorge
8 Aug 2004
TV
Extreme Archaeology - first broadcast Channel 4 series that aimed to excavate difficult archaeological sites all over Britain, with the help of Dr Mark Davies and a team of young diggers
10 Aug 1740
Born
John Frere English antiquary and a pioneering discoverer of Old Stone Age or Palaeolithic tools in association with large extinct animals at Hoxne, Suffolk in 1797
10 Aug 2011
Find
Cashel Man 4,000 year old bog body from Bord na Móna Cúl na Móna bog near Cashel in County Laois, Ireland. He was a young adult male who had been intentionally covered with peat after death.
10 Aug 2011
Find
Whitehorse Hill Burial Excavation Rich grave goods and the remains of a young Iron Age person (possibly female and nicknamed the "Dartmoor Princess") were first excavation at Whitehorse Hill by the Dartmoor National Park Authority
12 Aug 1998
Find
Seahenge Amateur archaeologist and beach comber John Lorimer, took Edwin Rose (Norfolk Landscape Archaeology's Development Control Officer) to view the monument located in the village of Holme-next-the-Sea
14 Aug 1934
Born
Henry de Lumley French archeologist, geologist and prehistorian, best known for his work on sites in France and Spain, notably Caune de l'Arago in Tautavel, Southern France, Terra Amata in Nice and Grotte du Lazaret near Nice, and Baume Bonne at Quinson, where some of the earliest evidence of man in Europe were found
16 Aug 1888
Born
T.E. Lawreance (Lawrence of Arabia) British Army Officer known for his liaison role during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign and the Arab Revolt against Ottoman Turkish rule of 1916–18. He practising archaeologist in the Middle East, working at various excavations with David George Hogarth and Leonard Woolley. Lawrence was co-opted by the British Army to undertake a military survey of the Negev Desert while doing archaeological research
17 Aug 1936
Find
Southern ape of the Transvaa Sterkfontein mine manager George Barlow presented Dr Robert Broom with the crushed skull and teeth of an adult Australopithecus africanus - Broom named the specimen (catalogued as TM 1511) Australopithecus transvaalensis (“southern ape of the Transvaal”)
18 Aug
Event
Feast of Saint Helena (patron saint of archaeology) Also known as Saint Helen, Helena Augusta or Helena of Constantinople, she is traditionally credited with finding the relics of the True Cross, with which she is often represented in Christian iconography
18 Aug 1887
Born
Sylvia Benton Excavated in Scotland at the Sculptor's Cave at Coresea on the Moray Firth, work which improved knowledge of the history of the Bronze Age in northern Europe
18 Aug 1958
Find
Brymbo Man Workmen digging a pipe trench in Brymbo (Wales) found a burial chamber containing the remains an early Bronze Age man nicknamed " Brymbo Man", along with a flint knife and earthenware beaker
19 Aug 2010
TV
Digging for Britain - first broadcast Presented by Alice Roberts, the series visits new and existing archaeological excavations and research in the UK
20 Aug 1853
Born
Nina Frances Layard English poetess, prehistorian, archaeologist and antiquary was one of the first four women to be admitted as Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London and the first woman to be President of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia
22 Aug 1812
Find
Petra The Jordan "rose-red city half as old as time" remained unknown to the Western world until it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhard
23 Aug 1952
TV
Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? - first Broadcast Glyn Daniel begins to present Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? on BBC Television, a game show often featuring other archaeologists and archaeological artefacts.
23 Aug 1916
Born
Sheppard Frere
Between 1955 and 1961 he excavated at Verulamium. He then became Professor of the Archaeology of the Roman Provinces at the University of London from 1961 to 1966 before becoming Professor of the Archaeology of the Roman Empire at Oxford University
24 Aug 1950
Born
Timothy Douglas White American paleoanthropologist who is most noted for his work on Lucy as Australopithecus afarensis with discoverer Donald Johanson
25 Aug 2012
Find
Richard III The University of Leicester in collaboration with the Richard III Society and Leicester City Council uncovered the church of the Grey Friars (underneath a council car park) and a battle-scarred skeleton with spinal curvature
27 Aug 1972
Find
Homo erectus (ergaster) cranium KNM-ER 1470

First fragments of Homo erectus (ergaster) cranium (skill: KNM-ER 1470) was discovered at Koobi Fora, east of Lake Turkana (Kenya) by Bernard Ngeneo; with the remaining pieces found over the next few days - aided by Richard Leakey and anatomist Bernard Wood. It has an estimated age between 1.8 and 1.9 million years

SEPTEMBER

  • 1931: Doggerland evidence was first found when a trawler called the Colinda (25 miles off the coast of Norfolk) dredged up a handworked antler, 21cm long, with a set of barbs running along one side

 

1 Sep 1985
Find
Titanic A number of expeditions were mounted to find Titanic but it was a Franco-American expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard who found the wreck over 12,000 feet (3,700 m) below the surface
2 Sep 1907
Born
Mikhail Mikhaylovich Gerasimov
Renowned Soviet archaeologist and anthropologist who developed the first technique of forensic sculpture and facial reconstruction
5 Sep 1916
Born
Vronwy Hankey
Archaeologist who specialised in Near Eastern, Minoan, and Mycenaean archaeology - she was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London
7 Sep 1960
Born
Michelle Paver Britain-based novelist and children's writer, probably best known for the fantasy series Chronicles of Ancient Darkness, set in the hunter-gatherer Stone Age societies of Europe
7 Sep 2011
Find
Breheimen Bronze Age Bow Found in Norway by archaeologists at the ice edge about 1700 meters above sea level, the bow is 131cm long and 3,300 years old
8 Sep 1940
Find
Lascaux Caves The entrance was discovered Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel and Simon Coencas after following their dog "Robot" toward a deep depression in the ground covered with overgrowth 
10 Sep 1890
Born
Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler  Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India. His appearances on TV particularly Animal, Vegetable, Mineral helped to bring archaeology to a mass audience and was named British TV Personality of the Year in 1954
10 Sep 1788
Born
Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes  French archaeologist and antiquary notable for his discovery, in about 1830, of flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley.
10 Sep 2015
Event
Homo naledi announced The  new species theory were announced in a news conference and ceremony in Johannesburg (South Africa) by Lee Berger and some members of the Rising Star Expedition
13 Sep 1503
Born
John Leyland At Henry VIII's request (with the document: "a moste gratius commission") he attempted to map and record ancient sites in England
15 Sep 1830
Born
Robert Henry Codrington An Anglican priest and anthropologist who made the first study of Melanesian society and culture. His work is still held as a classic of ethnography.
16 Sep 1955
Book
The Inheritors - publication date Written by William Golding, it tells the story the extinction of one of the last remaining tribes of Neanderthals at the hands of the more sophisticated (and malevolent) Homo sapiens
19 Sep 1991
Find
Ötzi the Iceman Well preserved Neolithic man found by two German tourists in the Ötztal Alps near the Similaun mountain and Hauslabjoch on the border between Austria and Italy
21 Sep 1915
Event
Stonehenge at auction Stonehenge was put up for auction by the Antrobus family following the death of the only surviving male heir. Sir Cecil Herbert Edward Chubb purchased Lot 15 on a whim for £6,600 making him the last private owner
22 Sep 1834
Born
Robert Bruce Foote Known as The Father of India's Prehistory, in 1863, the year after his archaeological survey began, he discovered the first conclusive Palaeolithic stone tool (a hand axe) in India
24 Sept 1869
Born
Maud Edith Cunnington Welsh-born archaeologist, most famous for her pioneering work on the prehistoric sites of Salisbury Plain
28 Sept 1856
Born
Edward Herbert Thompson American archaeologist who revealed much about Mayan civilisation from his exploration of the city and religious shrine of Chichén Itzá in Yucatán
28 Sept 1992
Find
Dover Bronze Age Boat Construction workers (who were building the A20 road link between Folkestone and Dover) uncovered a large prehistoric boat made with oak planks sewn together with yew lashings, dated to 1575-1520 BCE
30 Sept 1960
TV
The Flintstones - first broadcast This fantasy version of the Stone Age was the first animated prime-time American television series and the most financially successful network animated franchise for three decades

OCTOBER

5 Oct 1797
Born
John Gardner Wilkinson English traveller, writer and pioneer Egyptologist of the 19th century. He is often referred to as "the Father of British Egyptology"  skillfully recording inscriptions and paintings as a talented copyist and compiling copious notes.
6 Oct 1850
Born
William Allen Sturge Prehistoric Society's Patron was a retired doctor and passionate flint-collector - his personal collection numbered over 100,000 pieces of flint implements
6 Oct 1914
Born
Thor Heyerdahl Norwegian adventurer who became notable for leading the Kon-Tiki expedition in which a six man crew sailed 8,000 km (5,000 mi) across the Pacific Ocean in a hand-built raft from South America to the Tuamotu Islands
7 Oct 1835
Born
John Thomas Blight Cornish archaeological artist whose descriptions and illustrations of Cornish antiquities provide a most valuable source for archaeologists and local historians
11 Oct 1871
Born
Harriet Boyd Hawes
Known as the first director of an archaeological excavation to discover and excavate a Minoan settlement and palace site on the Aegean island of Crete
11 Oct 1982
Event
Mary Rose clear of water One of the largest ships in the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII, the Mary Rose sank on on 19 July 1545. She was rediscovered in 1971 and salvaged by the Mary Rose Trust in one of the most complex and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology
12 Oct 1904
Born
John Pendlebury Influenced by Sir Arthur Evans, Pendlebury was one of the first to use experimental archaeology in the reconstruction of the Bronze Age, for example he concluded that the settlement at Knossos (Crete) appears to have been over populated at its peak, based on deforestation.
21 Oct 1907
Find
Jaw of Homo heidelbergensis  found
Discovered in Mauer (Germany) by workmen in a sandpit, it was identified and named by Professor Otto Schoetensack from the University of Heidelberg
22 Oct 1938
Find
Emmer-Erfscheidenveen Man Late Bronze Age bog body from around 1,200 BC found in the Netherlands' Bourtangermoor
23 Oct 1919
Born
Manolis Andronikos Greek archaeologist and a professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki who found Tomb of Philip II of Macedon
24 Oct 1812
Event
American Antiquarian Society (AAS) founded
American Antiquarian Society was founded through an act of the Massachusetts General Court. Located in Worcester, Massachusetts, is both a learned society and national research library of pre-twentieth century American history and culture
26 Oct 1925
Born
John Mulvaney Known as the "father of Australian Archaeology"
28 Oct 1886
Born
Osbert Guy Stanhope Crawford  English archaeologist and a pioneer in the use of aerial photographs for deepening archaeological understanding of the landscape. Was appointed the first Archaeology Officer of the Ordnance Survey
28 Oct 1917
Born
Honor Frost Pioneer in the field of underwater archaeology, who led many mediterranean archaeological investigations, especially in the Lebanon. Noted for her typology of stone anchors and skills in archaeological illustration
29 Oct 1885
Born
Alfred Vincent Kidder American archaeologist considered the foremost of the southwestern United States and Mesoamerica during the first half of the 20th century
31 Oct 1905
Born
William Francis Grimes  Welsh archaeologist who devoted his career to the archaeology of London and the prehistory of Wales, noted for discovery was the London Mithraeum in 1954, a Roman temple to the god Mithras

NOVEMBER

4 Nov 1960
Find
Olduvai Hominid # 7 ("Johnny's Child") First fragments (lower mandible and hand bones) of Homo habilis dated from 1.75 million years ago, discovered by Jonathan and Mary Leakey at Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)
5 Nov 1778
Born
Giovanni Battista Belzoni Italian archaeologist, first worked in England as a circus strong man and exhibiting models of hydraulic engines. Sometimes known as The Great Belzoni, he became a prolific explorer of Egyptian antiquities.
7 Nov 1687
Born
William Stukeley  English antiquarian who pioneered the archaeological investigation of the prehistoric monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury - one of the first biographers of his friend  Isaac Newton
8 Nov 1878
Born
Dorothea Minola Alice Bate A pioneer of archaeozoology whose life's work was to find fossils of recently extinct mammals with a view to understanding how and why giant and dwarf forms evolved
8 Nov 1977
Find
Tomb of Philip II of Macedon Philip II of Macedon (king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC) tomb was found by Manolis Andronikos at Vergina 
11 Nov 1867
Born
James E. Quibell British Egyptologist worked at Saqqara, in the Valley of the Kings (where he discovered the tomb of Yuya and Tjuyu in 1905) and at at Hierakonpolis (ancient Nekhen)
14 Nov 1925
Born
James Mellaart  British archaeologist and author who is noted for his discovery of the Neolithic settlement of Çatalhöyük in Turkey
14 Nov 1948
Born
Charles, Prince of Wales  In October 1967, the Prince was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he read anthropology, archaeology and history
15 Nov 1996
Game
Tomb Raider video game - released Development began in 1993 by Core Design, who spent 18 months working on the game. Originally Laura Cruz and was intended to be a cold blooded militaristic South African anti-hero, but developer Toby Gard made Lara Croft into a British character, to appeal to American audiences
16 Nov 1945
Event
UNESCO established At the United Nations Conference ECO/CONF, the Constitution of UNESCO was introduced and signed by 37 countries and a Preparatory Commission was established
17 Nov 1823
Born
John Evans President of the Society of Antiquaries and president of the Geological Society of London, he was a distinguished collector of ancient objects and coins
17 Nov 1937
Born
Errett Callahan American archaeologist, flintknapper, and pioneer in the fields of experimental archaeology and lithic replication studies
19 Nov 1875
Born
Hiram Bingham III Hawaiian academic, explorer, treasure hunter and politician who made public the existence of the Quechua citadel of Machu Picchu in 1911 with the guidance of local indigenous farmers. 
21 Nov 1953
Event
Piltdown Man - hoax exposed A team of English scientists exposed it as a deliberate fraud and instead of being almost a million years old, the skull fragments were found to be 500 years old and the jaw belonged to an orang-utan.
24 Nov 1784
Born
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt Swiss traveller best known for rediscovering the ruins of the city of Petra in Jordan, the Hittite or Luwian hieroglyphic script at Hama in Syria and the Abu Simbel temples in Egypt
24 Nov 1974
Find
Lucy (Australopithecus afarensis) 40% of the skeleton was found by Donald Johanson at Hadar in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression - nicknamed Lucy, after the Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" that was being played 
26 Nov 1922
Find
King Tutankhamun  (reign ca. 1332–1323 BC) Howard Carter found clues to the burial chamber in the discoveries made by Theodore Davis and after 31 years searching in Egypt, Carter and sponsor Lord Carnarvon opened the nearly undisturbed 3,000 year old tomb
27 Nov 1939
Born
Malcolm Todd British historian and archaeologist with an interest in the interaction between the Roman Empire and Western Europe
28 Nov 1805
Born
John Lloyd Stephens American explorer, writer, and diplomat. Stephens was a pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilisation throughout Middle America and in the planning of the Panama railroad
30 Nov 1866
Born
Robert Broom In 1936 he found the fragments of six Australopithecus africanus hominids in the 'Cradle of Humankind' area (Sterkfontein Valley landscape in both western Gauteng and the North West Province)

DECEMBER

  • 1843: British Archaeological Association founded by Charles Roach Smith, Thomas Wright and Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, to encourage the recording, preservation, and publication of archaeological discoveries
  • 1903: Cheddar Man (Britain's oldest complete skeleton buried there 9,000 years ago) was found by workmen digging a drainage ditch in Gough's Cave

 

1 Dec 1889
Born
Alexander Keiller Scottish archaeologist and businessman who worked on an extensive prehistoric site at Avebury in Wiltshire and heir to the marmalade business of his family
5 Dec 1707
Event
Society of Antiquaries of London founded The Society of Antiquaries of London traces its origin to a meeting between three friends (Humfrey Wanley, John Talman and John Bagford) in a London tavern. It was formally constituted in 1718 with 23 members; the first Articles of Association defined the purpose of the Society
9 Dec 1717
Born
Johann Joachim Winckelmann He was one of the founders of scientific archaeology and first applied the categories of style on a large, systematic basis to the history of art
10 Dec 1939
Born
Barrington Windsor (Barry) Cunliffe He lead the excavation (1961–68) of Fishbourne Roman Palace (Sussex), after which he began a long series of summer excavations (1969–88) of the Iron Age hill fort at Danebury (Hampshire) 
11 Dec 1959
Find
Isleham Hoard Over 6,500 pieces of worked and unworked bronze found by William 'Bill' Houghton and his brother, Arthur, at Isleham near Ely (Cambridgeshire) dating from the Bronze Age
16 Dec 1882
Born
Cyril Fred Fox He became keeper of archaeology at the National Museum of Wales and surveyed and excavated several prehistoric monuments in Wales
17 Dec 1908
Born
Willard Frank Libby American physical chemist noted for his role in the 1949 development of radiocarbon dating, which revolutionised archaeology
18 Dec 1780
Event
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland founded Second oldest antiquaries society was founded by David Steuart Erskine, 11th Earl of Buchan and John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (former prime minister)
18 Dec 1912
Event
Piltdown Man Infamous hoax in which bone fragments (ape mandible and human skull) were presented at a meeting of the Geological Society of London by Charles Dawson and Sir Arthur Smith Woodward, as the remains of a previously unknown early human
18 Dec 1994
Find
Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave French cave that contains some of the earliest known cave paintings, as well as other evidence of Upper Paleolithic life
18 Dec 2013
Event
New visitor centre open at Stonehenge The visitor centre was part of a £27 million transformation of the World Heritage Site and is situated 1.5 miles from the Neolithic stones. It will give visitors a 360 degree virtual experience of "standing in the stones" and will house a gallery presenting theories about the site and showcasing prehistoric artefacts.
22 Dec 1965
Born
Lee Rogers Berger Paleoanthropologist, physical anthropologist and archeologist and is best known for his discovery of Homo naledi and Australopithecus sediba, his work on Australopithecus africanus body proportions and the Taung Bird of Prey Hypothesis
23 Dec 1790
Born
Jean-François Champollion French scholar and decipherer of the Egyptian hieroglyphs - noted for his work on the Rosetta Stone
23 Dec 1906
Born
Alice Kober American classical scholar and archaeologist best known for laying the groundwork for the decipherment of Linear B - a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek
23 Dec 1924
Find
Taung child skull Discovered by Raymond Dart embedded in rock at a mine in South Africa, the "Taung child" lived 2.8 million years ago
24 Dec 1800
Born
Ferdinand Keller  Swiss archaeologist known for his investigations of Swiss lake dwellings in 1853–54 and work on the remains of the La Tène culture 
29 Dec 1788
Born
Christian Jürgensen Thomsen  Danish antiquarian who developed early archaeological techniques and methods that evolved into the three-age system
30 Dec 1919
Born
Francois Bordes French geologist and archaeologist who was a professor of prehistory and quaternary geology at the Science Faculty of Bordeaux noted for his approach of prehistoric lithic industries and the use of experimental flint knapping.
31 Dec 1803
Born
Johann Carl Fuhlrott  Noted for recognising the significance of the bones of Neanderthal 1, a Neanderthal specimen discovered by German laborers who were digging for limestone in Neander valley in August 1856

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