Step 2: Upper Guard
The next stage is to make and attach the upper leather guard. This could be a different and more flexible leather than used for the sole (the original was deer hide with the hairside facing up).
Cut out an oval shape in the leather, approximately 30cm x 20cm and then cut the oval in half along shorter length. The template shown here is about the right size for a medium adult's foot, but should be made smaller for children.
Make around 12-16 small holes around the upper guard with the bradawl; evenly spaced about 0.5cm from the outer edge. The holes should be just large enough to take a thin leather binding.
Place the upper guard next to the sole with the face side downwards (as above) and thread the binding through the first hole in the upper guard and out through the next hole. Then thread the binding in and out the next two holes in the sole, before threading through the next two in the upper guard. Repeat this process all the way around, so that the upper guard forms a dome shape with the face side upwards.
During this activity the binding should be reasonably taught and should eventually be knotted to the other end, just by the instep. Cut of any excess binding to leave a tidy knot.