Mycenaean Figurine

 

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These terracotta Mycenaean female figurines are referred to Psi ("Ψ" as this one), Phi ("Φ" with a circular body) or in Tau ("T" as the shape created by the open arms) for their resemblance in shape to those Greek letters.

The figurine appears to wear a long garment, painted with wavy lines, possibly depicting folds of a robe and their long hair is usually drawn back in a plait or "ponytail," with some loose locks over the forehead. She is also wearing an elaborately festooned Polos or Stephane (a tall spreading headdress) associated with divinities and a necklace. Her flat head was made by pinching the clay between the forefingers, two small dotted eyes, a large vertical line representing the nose; on her torso breasts are indicated and arms raised upwards.

The Mycenaean female figurines have been found in vast numbers from certain regions like the Argolid, Attica, Mastos and Thebes. Although only a few have been found in situ, some were placed in sanctuaries, where they were used as votive offerings, or in tombs, where they may have served as protective goddesses.

 

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