The Venus of Dolni Vestonice

 

  • Age: Around 26,000 BCE
  • Material: A mixture of animal bonemeal and clay
  • Found: Brno (Czech Republic) in 1925
  • Present Location: Moravian Museum in Brno (Czech Republic)
  • Length: 11.5cm
  • Width: 4.4cm
  • Depth: 2.8cm

move cursor over images to magnify replica

The figurine was discovered on 13th July 1925 by a team lead by Professor Karel Absolon and is part of the oldest known ceramic items in the world. Found in a palaeolithic settlement of Dolní Vestonice which is located on the slopes of the Pavlov Hills above the Dyje river, near the modern town of Brno in the region of Moravia in the eastern part of Czech Republic.

A scan in 2004 found a fingerprint of a child was found on the left side of the figurine back; estimated at between 7 and 15 years of age, fired into the surface of the venus.

(© Libor Balák, Antropark - with kind permission)

The site has three separate parts; one contains a grave of two men and one woman (the faces of the dead were covered with thick masks made of red ochre); and one is a lithic tool workshop. There are two kilns on the site, which was surrounded by 7000 fired ceramic fragments. The objects were heated to 300-400 °C and most of them show thermal cracks.

 

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