What was life in the Stone Age really like?

The Stone Age started around 2.5 million years ago when early humans first created the first stone tools in East Africa and ended with the development of agriculture. During this time tools were fashioned from wood, bone, animals (such as antlers and hides), clay and of course stone.

Stone tools were made from many different kinds of stone - initially what was locally available, but later more exotic stones were used as trading in stone became common. Flint and chert was knapped for use as cutting tools and weapons, while basalt and sandstone were used to ground stone tools.

The end of the stone age came with the smelting of copper ore to produce metal, starting with the Chalcolithic (Copper Age), followed by the more familiar Bronze  and Iron Ages.

Most people find this vast period of human prehistory very difficult to comprehend, let alone teach and inspire knowledge in others. Ancientcraft can help explain the fascinating period, with the use of replica items (such as clothing, deerskin hut, art work), through practical skills (such as flintknapping and fire-starting) and expert knowledge based on archaeological evidence.

What could be presented:

  • Where did the people come from?
  • Who were the Neanderthals?
  • Did all people the of Stone Age Britain live in caves?
  • What was life like during the Ice Age?
  • How do we know about all about the Stone Age?
  • Who came after the Stone Age people?
  • Where to find Stone Age evidence in Britain?

What topics could be included:

Transition from Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age) > Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) > Neolithic (New Stone Age)

      • Stone Age Societies:
        • Evolution of humans
        • Life after the Ice Age
        • Hunter-Gatherers
        • First Farmers
      • Stone Age Cultures & Technologies:
        • Daily life, food & clothing/skins
        • Dwellings
        • How stone was used for tools (including flintknapping demonstration)
        • Cave art
        • Chalcolithic Age
      • Stone Age Religion:
        • Venus figurines
        • Burial practices
        • Shamans
      • Key Stone Age People:
        • Ötzi the Iceman
        • "Red Lady" of Paviland
        • Cheddar Man
        • Neanderthals

Transition from Stone Age > Bronze Age

What hands-on activities could be included**:

  • Stone Age powerpoint presentation
  • Go inside a deer-skin hut
  • Shaman drumming
  • Making string from plant fibers
  • Polishing/grinding a flint axe
  • Bow drill fire-starting (outdoor only)
  • Atlatl dart throwing (outdoor only)


Flint Axe Polishing

What could be on display:


Stone Age Tools

Flintknapping demonstration and replica tools and weapons made from stone, wood, bone and other materials typical of the period. Simple hand tools and composite/shafted tools that cover the palaeolithic to the neolithic.



Stone Age Dwelling

Interpretation of a Stone Age dwelling made from a hazelwood frame and covered with over 30 deerskin hides to produce unique shelter, that can be set up either outdoor or inside.



Stone Age Pottery

Replica neolithic pottery fired in open fire pits and used for cooking and general storage




Stone Age Containers

Replica containers that form cylindrical pots and made entirely from bark (based on birch bark pots found with Otzi the Iceman).



Stone Age Art

Replica Stone Age painting including ochre (a mixture of fine clay and iron oxide) contained in abalone shells and brushes made from plant leaves, feathers and animal hair.  Based on 100,000 years old art kits from the famous archaeological site of Blombos Cave in South Africa.




Stone Age Figurines

A selection of mainly female replica "venus" figurines. Most are roughly oval-shaped, with the head and legs tapering away with relatively no detail. The widest point in the middle (hips/belly) often has certain parts of the human anatomy are exaggerated, such as large breasts, buttocks and thick thighs.




Stone Age shamanistic items, including a unique headdress made from a variety of animal parts - hide, antler, bone and teeth. Based a female shaman grave found in Bad Dürrenberg (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany).




Hominid Skulls

A collection of replica hominid skulls:

  • Australopithecus afarensis
  • Australopithecus africanus
  • Homo habilis
  • Homo erectus
  • Homo sapiens neanderthalensis


Home | About Ancientcraft | Calendar of Events | Terms & Conditions | Contact Ancientcraft | Copyright © 2009-2015 Ancientcraft